Jobs

Jobs

Skyve provides a mechanism for executing and scheduling offline Jobs (i.e. Jobs processed irrespective of the state of the conversation or session).

Jobs are declared in the module.xml file in the jobs section.

Job declaration

Job declaration includes logical name, displayName and className.

The className nominates the specific class file to be executed.

Once jobs have been declared, they are available to be scheduled at run-time via the admin module job scheduler function.

The admin module provides comprehensive job scheduling functionality, including assignment of the user under whose privileges the Job will be executed.

Scheduling Jobs from the admin module requires the JobMaintainer role.

Job classes

Job classes must extend the org.skyve.job.Job abstract class. Custom job code is located in the execute() method.

public class ProcessCommunicationForTagJob extends Job {
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 6282346785863992703L;

	@Override
	public String cancel() {
		return null;
	}

	@Override
	public void execute() throws Exception {

		List<String> log = getLog();

		Communication communication = (Communication) getBean();

The Skyve Job method getLog() retrieves the corresponding job log object, allowing the developer to log job activity (viewable for a suitably privileged user in the Job view in the admin module).

The Skyve Job method getBean() returns the corresponding bean instance where applicable (where a job has been instantiated within a bean context or action).

Jobs can be scheduled in action or Bizlet code using the JobScheduler class.

/**
 * Kick off the annual returns job
 */
@Override
public ServerSideActionResult<GrowerSearchCriteria> execute(GrowerSearchCriteria bean, WebContext WebContext) throws Exception {
  User user = CORE.getPersistence().getUser();
  Customer customer = user.getCustomer();
  Module module = customer.getModule(Grower.MODULE_NAME);
  JobMetaData job = module.getJob("jAnnualReturns");

  EXT.runOneShotJob(job, bean, user);

  bean.setReturnResults("The generation job has commenced.");

  return new ServerSideActionResult<>(bean);
}

Example action class code to run a one-shot Job

In the above example, the call EXT.runOneShotJob will schedule the job to run passing in the bean named search under the permissions of the current user.

As Jobs are run within the context of a user so that Skyve’s embedded comprehensive security model can be enforced.

Developers must consider whether a user context will have sufficient privileges for the Job to be executed.

Job transactions

Unless specified by the developer, a job will run in a single transaction and roll-back if an exception is thrown. This may be suitable especially for jobs dealing with small numbers of beans.

However, for jobs interacting with a large (or potentially large) number of beans, it may be useful to commit after each interaction, and possibly evict the cached bean to free resources.

public class DeleteTaggedRecordsJob extends Job {
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 6282346785863992703L;

	@Override
	public String cancel() {
		return null;
	}

	@Override
	public void execute() throws Exception {

		List<String> log = getLog();

		Tag tag = (Tag) getBean();
		log.add("Started Delete Tagged contacts at " + new Date());

		Persistence pers = CORE.getPersistence();
		List<Bean> beans = TagBizlet.getTaggedItemsForDocument(tag, Contact.MODULE_NAME, Contact.DOCUMENT_NAME);

		int size = beans.size();
		int processed = 0;

		Iterator<Bean> it = beans.iterator();
		while (it.hasNext()) {
			
			Contact c = (Contact) it.next(); //get the contact

			String bizKey = c.getBizKey(); // remember details for logging below

			EXT.untag(tag.getBizId(), c); // remove the contact from the Tag set
			
			pers.delete(c);				  // delete the contact
			pers.commit(false);			  // commit the transaction
			pers.evictCached(c);		  // remove the deleted contact from the cache to free up resources
			pers.begin();     			  // start a new transaction for the next iteration

			log.add("The contact " + bizKey + " was deleted."); //log the result
			
			processed++;				  // increment the counter 
			setPercentComplete((int) (((float) processed) / ((float) size) * 100F));
		}

		setPercentComplete(100);
				
		log.add("Finished Delete Tagged contacts at " + new Date() + ". " + processed + " contacts were deleted.");
	}
}

The above example shows a number of common patterns for Jobs.

  • Firstly, the job uses the Tag concept, allowing the user to select which data will be affected at runtime.
  • The job uses the iterator to safeguard against concurrent modification problems with the List<Bean> collection.
  • The job commits each change, evicts any cached bean and then starts (begin()) a new transaction to free resources as it goes.

With this approach, should the job fail, deletions up to the point of failure are committed and won’t be rolled back.

Developers should consider carefully implications of jobs which may process large numbers of beans and decide on an approach which best suits their needs.

For further examples, review the following classes in the Skyve admin module:

  • admin.Communication.ProcessCommunicationForTagJob
  • admin.DataMaintenance.BackupJob
  • admin.DataMaintenance.RefreshDocumentTuplesJob
  • admin.DataMaintenance.TruncateAuditLogJob
  • admin.Tag.PerformDocumentActionForTagJob
  • admin.UserList.BulkUserCreationJob

Logging

The Job class provides the List<String> log for developer logging.

The log is viewable while the job is running or after the job has completed.

To view the log, go to the admin->Jobs menu item and view the list of jobs (either running or completed).

View Jobs

Then click to view the job details and log.

View Job details and log

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